Opgør mellem Mursi og Shafiq i Egypten

Den egyptiske præsidentvalg bliver et opgør mellem Muhammed Mursi og Ahmed Shafiq, viser valgresultat.
28. maj 2012 kl. 16:48Opdateret 28. maj 2012 kl. 16:55

Anden og afgørende valgrunde i Egyptens præsidentvalg bliver et opgør mellem Det Muslimske broderskabs kandidat Muhammed Mursi og den sidste premierminister under den tidligere præsident Hosni Mubarak, Ahmed Shafiq.

Det bekræfter Egyptens centrale valgkommission, der søndag offentliggjorde det officielle resultat af første runde af præsidentvalget.

- Ingen kandidat fik flertal ved første runde, så ifølge valgloven bliver anden runde et opgør mellem Mursi og Shafiq, siger Faruq Sultan, chef for valgkommissionen.

Mursi fik 5,74 millioner stemmer, mens Shafiq fik 5,5 millioner stemmer. Nummer tre blev Hamdeen Sabbahi med 4,8 millioner stemmer.

Han fortæller, at valgdeltagelsen ved første runde var 46,2 procent.

Imidlertid kan den egyptiske højesteret sætte en kæp i hjulet for Ahmed Shafiq, når den 11. juni afgør, om medlemmer af tidligere præsident Hosni Mubaraks styre kan stille op ved demokratiske valg i henhold til landets nye forfatning.

Ifølge et tillæg til Egyptens ny forfatning, som det islamisk dominerede parlament vedtog i april, kan embedsmænd og ministre fra Mubaraks tid ikke stille op ved valg til offentlige stillinger i Egypten.

Shafiq har appelleret beslutning til den centrale valgkommission, der gav ham lov til at stille op ved præsidentvalget.

Højesterets afgørelse bliver derfor afgørende for, om han får lov til at stille op i anden runde.

/ritzau/Reuters

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Kommentarer

Bo Stefan Nielsen

Rystende at Ahmed Jeg-vil-slå-hårdt-ned-på-revolutionære-hvis-jeg-kommer-til-magten-og-mit-forbillede-er-Mubarak Shafiq er nået videre til anden runde. Her er samme forbindelse en udtalelse fra det egyptiske revolutionære socialistparti (IKKE at forveksle med diverse såkaldte "socialistiske" og "socialdemokratiske" partier af navn, men uendelig langt fra af gavn).

Down with Shafiq... Down with the new Mubarak!

Statement from the Revolutionary Socialists

28 May 2012

http://www.e-socialists.net/node/8787

The Revolutionary Socialists Movement confirms its opposition on principle to the candidate of the Military Council, the dissolved National Democratic Party, and the forces of the counter-revolution, Ahmad Shafiq, who has managed to reach the second round of the presidential elections to face the candidate of the Muslim Brotherhood, Dr Mohammed Morsi, thanks to a massive mobilisation by the counter-revolutionary camp, which deployed the full, organised force of the resources at its command: the repressive apparatus of the state, the media, and the business interests standing behind Shafiq.

His success reflects the smear campaigns, systematic repression and intimidation of the social and popular forces which peaked before the election and were expressed in the dregs of the old regime daring to run in the election, combined with the inability of the reformist and revolutionary forces to unite in a political front to prevent their candidacy. Finally it also reflects the failure of the candidates affiliated with the revolution to unite behind a single candidate clearly expressing the programme of the revolution as we recently warned.

On the other hand, the Revolutionary Socialists Movement welcomes the accomplishment of the millions of voters from the poor, the workers, the peasants, employees, the Copts, the unemployed and the youth of the revolution who backed Hamdeen Sabbahi. He competed strongly for second place with Shafiq, scoring 21.2% of the total votes cast and coming third by a narrow margin. This reflects the great weight of support among the popular forces, the forces supporting the project of the revolution and the forces aligned with the Left for a programme which addresses both social issues and the question of civil democracy, thus allowing the construction of a front of the militant left which has a wide popularity in the Egyptian street.

We stress our full support for all moves aimed at the verification of instances of fraud which were carried out against Sabbahi and for efforts to apply the law of political exclusion to the criminal Ahmad Shafiq.

We are deeply convinced of the role of the masses as the most effective and influential force and guarantor in all the battles of democracy, which they won the right to participate in through their great revolutionary struggle, for which they offered martyrs and injured from the beginning of the revolution until today. We are also convinced that the victory of Shafiq in the second round of the elections will be a great loss to the revolution, a powerful blow against its democratic and social gains, and will give a golden opportunity to the preparations of the counter-revolution for a more brutal and extensive revenge attack under the slogan of “restore security to the street within days”.

We therefore call on all the reformist and revolutionary forces and the remainder of the revolutionary candidates to form a national front which stands against the candidate of counter-revolution, and demands that the Muslim Brotherhood declares its commitment to the following:

- Formation of a presidential coalition which includes Hamdeen Sabbahi and Abd-al-Moneim Abu-al-Fotouh as Vice-Presidents.

- The selection of a Prime Minister from outside the ranks of the Brotherhood and the Freedom and Justice Party and the formation of a government across the whole political spectrum in which the Copts are represented.

- The approval of a law on trade union freedoms which clearly supports the pluralism and independence of the workers' movement in contrast to the draft law proposed by the Brotherhood to the People's Assembly.

- The Brotherhood's agreement with other political forces on a civil constitution which guarantees social justice, the right to free, quality healthcare and education, the right to strike, demonstrate and organise peaceful sit-ins, the public and private rights of all citizens, and the genuinely representation of women, the Copts, working people and the youth in the Constituent Assembly. We cannot fail here to call on the Muslim Brotherhood and all the political forces to put the interests of the revolution before party-political interest and to unite against Shafiq so that we do not deliver our revolution to its enemies as easy prey.

Our position does not, of course, mean that we are dropping our criticism of the social and economic programme of the Freedom and Justice Party and its 'Renaissance Project' which is biased in its essence towards the market economy and the class of the men of finance and business, nor our criticism of the political performance of the leadership of the Brotherhood and the Freedom and Justice Party and of the trust of these leaders in the Military Council and their attacks on the revolutionaries during the battles of Mohammed Mahmoud Street and the Cabinet Offices and others. These attacks included accusing the Revolutionary Socialists and other revolutionary forces of treason, and the presentation of a legal complaint against us to the Attorney General.

However, what concerns us in the first place is the interest of the revolution, and its future, and we have to defend the right of the masses to make choices and test those choices as a condition of the development of their consciousness and the development of their position in relation to different political forces.

We are also aware of the magnitude of the error in failure to discriminate between the reformists of the Muslim Brotherhood, who are supported by and will be supported by millions in the elections who aspire to the redistribution of the revolution and genuine democracy, who depend on the grassroots of the unions and professional associations and other social and democratic organisations, and on their audience among poor peasants, workers and the unemployed, and the fascism of the military's man, Shafiq and the thugs of his campaign who are united in their desire to end the revolution and close the door on any democratic or economic struggle.

We pledge today to join in the widest possible struggle among the masses of our people against the candidate of the old regime. The election of Shafiq would cross a red line, as if Mubarak returned or he was found not guilty of his crimes. It would be exactly like rejecting the sacrifice of the martyrs and accepting the defeat of the revolution. The conditions for the struggle, the battle for a decent life, and the continuation of the political and social revolution will become extremely difficult with Shafiq installed in the presidential palace.

Turn the second round of the presidential elections into a blow against the old regime!

Fight to organise the popular forces against the slaveowners' revolt!

The Revolutionary Socialists

Carsten Hansen

Mon de revolutionære socialister bliver dolket i ryggen af Det muslimske broderskab, Når islamisterne vinder valget ?.

Præcis som det skete i Iran efter Shahens fald.

Anne Marie Jensen

Det Muslimske Broderskab er noget ganske andet end Khomeinis teokrater, Carsten. De er for det første en slags værdikonservative centrumdemokrater ikke ulig Kristendemokraterne herhjemme. Desuden er Broderskabet en meget bred forsamling, der spænder fra partiets religiøse og markedsorienterede højrefløj til en mere progressiv socialdemokratisk venstrefløj, der vil arbejde for indflydelse til fagforeninger, kvinderettigheder osv.

Men der skal da sikkert være dem, der synes Shafiq er et bedre bud. I så fald er det dem, der gentager historien ved at foretrække USA-Israel-venlige despoter og mener, demokrati er noget, der kun tilkommer hvide mennesker, der stemmer på "de rigtige".

Tak for pressemeddelelsen fra Revolutionary Socialists. المعركة مستمرة

Carsten Hansen

Ja; Lad os nu se.

Havde jeg den mindste indflydelse på valget i Egypten, så ville jeg ikke anbefale at stemme på nogen af de 2.

Mon ikke de demokrati-sindede og de der besatte Tahrir-pladsen står med den lange næse, når Islamisterne indfører Sharia som lovgrundlag ?

Carsten Hansen

Som man kan i linket fi indlæ 1, så står det klart at socialisterne har deres betænkeligheder med det Muslimske Broderskab; Der stilles krav.

Ikke noget mærkeligt i det.

Islamisme og socialisme er diamentrale modsætninger.

Bo Stefan Nielsen

Carsten

Der stilles krav, ja. Men det betyder ikke, at socialister og islamister ikke kan arbejde sammen om sociale kampe, der handler om arbejderklassens interesser og modstand mod Israelsk imperialisme, som det også fremgår af artiklen. I nogle sager er man på samme side som islamisterne, andre gange imod.

"The new millennium ushered in new opportunities for their movement after the eruption of the second Palestinian intifada. The RS was one of the founders of the Palestinian solidarity movement in Egypt.

This is when their position toward the Islamists distinguished them from the rest of the left, which was adamantly opposed to working with Islamists. From then on, the RS worked according to the slogan: “Sometimes with the Islamists, always against the state.” This position was later reinforced during the 2006 Israeli war on Lebanon when they took part in joint activities with the Muslim Brotherhood."

Det er en moden og realistisk tilgang til politiske kamp i et land med en kæmpe arbejderklasse, hvor flertallet er muslimer. Det er vel gennem samarbejde, at de bedste diskussioner opstår.

Carsten Hansen

Bo S Nielsen.

I Egypten er der naturligvis lang vej til demokrati.

At indføre Sharia som lovgrundlag er et skridt i den forkerte retning. Det er nærmere teokrati.

Det betyder dog ikke at Egypten har fejlet for tid og evighed. Hvis islamisterne heller ikke bringer fremskridt for den almindelige egyptiske kvinde/mand, så starter balladen forfra.

Historien taler ikke for et vellykket samarbejde med islamister og socialister, som ideologisk ligger milevidt fra hinanden.

Vi må allesammen vente og se.

Bud på hvordan det spænder af efter valget, er OK; Jeg er langt fra sikker på at islamisterne ikke dolker de demokratisinde og socialisterne i ryggen, hvis de får chancen.

Bo Stefan Nielsen

CH

"Det betyder dog ikke at Egypten har fejlet for tid og evighed. Hvis islamisterne heller ikke bringer fremskridt for den almindelige egyptiske kvinde/mand, så starter balladen forfra."

Sandt. Og du kan være sikker på, at Revolutionary Socialists endnu en gang vil gå forrest i de sociale kampe med organisering af massestrejker, demonstrationer osv.

Carsten Hansen

Bo.S.N,

Ja; Det er et muligt scenarie.

Det ville jo være ærgerligt for de der ønsker demokrati,, hvis det Arabiske forår ender med at at gå fra slemt til værre.

Stig Rasmussen

I Iran blev socialister hårdt undertrykt under Shahens diktatur, det gjorde Khomeni ikke da han kom til magten, han myrdede dem bare.

Socialisme og konservativ islamisme har ingenting til fælles, værdierne går i hver sin retning og det vil være en fejl af dimensioner at tro at hvis et diktatur erstattes med et teokrati at det vil give landet grobund for socialisme.

Bo Stefan Nielsen

Der er ikke er et teokrati på vej i Egypten. Læs Anne Marie Jensens indlæg. Egypten 2012 er ikke Iran 1979.

Men vejen mod socialisme i Egypten er rigtig lang på nuværende tidspunkt. Men alting har sin begyndelse, og de er jo kun lige blevet af med Mubarak. Shafiq spøger som bekendt i kulissen.

Her er et interview med Revoultionary Socialists' grand old man, der fortæller om, at arbejdet lige nu handler om at opbygge Democratic Workers Party og om socialisternes mål og krav til et nyt demokratisk Egypten.

Anne Marie Jensen

Godt interview. Håber det lykkes.

Og jer der insisterer på sammenligninger mellem Broderskabet og Khomeini kunne måske godt trænge til at få styr på fakta og kontekst. Ikke at jeg synes særlig godt om Broderskabet, men sammenligningen er vild.